In Native American culture there is a name for each full moon for each month of the calendar year. Our wonderful Indian tribes, several hundred years ago, defined the seasons by naming each full month for any given month. These moon names were for the entire month in which that full moon occurred. And being that there were many different tribes of Indians, many of these moons go by more than one name.
January – Wolf Moon
With the temperatures below zero and dealing with heavy snowfall, the wolves found it difficult to find food. They would howl from hunger outside of the Indian villages. This moon is also known as the Old Moon or the Moon After Yule.
February – Snow Moon
Typically, the heaviest snows would fall in February, hence the name. As hunting would become very difficult with the heavy snows, this moon was also called the Hunger Moon.
March – Worm Moon
After the heavy snows of February the ground began to soften, allowing for the return of the earthworm, which in turn brought back the robins. Northern tribes referred to this as the Crow Moon because the cawing of the crows signified that winter was at a close. This one is also known as the Crust Moon, so described by the thawing of the snow during the daytime and the freezing of it at night.
April – Pink Moon
Wild ground phlox, which is pink in color, covered the land. There are several other names for this moon – the Sprouting Grass Moon, the Egg Moon and, for tribes living in coastal regions, the Fish Moon, as this was the time that shad swum upstream for spawning.